Most people do not pay attention to their HVAC systems until it breaks down and they start suffering in sweltering heat or frigid cold conditions. Knowing about the main and important components of your HVAC systems can help you perform an initial diagnosis and address the problems as and when they exist.
You do not have to have the same knowledge and expertise as a skilled and certified HVAC technician. All you need to do is know about which are some important parts whose proper functioning can help the HVAC system perform its heating and cooling functions effectively and without breaking down.
One of the major reasons why experts recommend gaining a working knowledge of the parts work is in the area of service and maintenance. If you do not want your HVAC service company to take you for a ride the next time they come for a service check-up, then you need to brush up on some essential knowledge about the way the system works.
List of 5 Important Components of Your HVAC System
1. Drain Pans-
Most articles that outline the list of important components of your HVAC systems fail to mention Drain Fans. However, this is an essential component of your system as it helps in the removal and trapping of condensed water that is released as a by-product of the system.
If you do not have working drain pans, the accumulated water does not have a proper outlet and ends up leaking into different parts of the house like the ceiling, or even on the floors. If it is not working, you should immediately opt for ac drain pan replacement by experts.
2. Heat Exchangers-
The first thing that you need to know about heat exchangers is that they are part of the actual housing where the furnace is located. Its primary task is to absorb the additional heat that is released from the furnace as well as from the parts of the room.
This is one of the toughest components of the HVAC system and is made from stainless steel that is corrosion-free. The heat exchanger is designed in such a way that the cold air is allowed to enter faster into the system and then is dissipated to the room through the vents of the HVAC system.
Many make the mistake of thinking that the compressor is part of the HVAC unit that is fitted into the room. Not exactly. A compressor is always located outside the house in separate housing. The work of the condenser is to process, trap and release the warm air from your room and release it outside.
This is why it is situated outside the room. You will notice that every time the room reaches the thermostat set temperature, the compressor switches off. When the temperature rises again, it switches on to capture the hot air and release it outside.
I am sure most of you know what a thermostat is all about and how it functions. But for the benefit of people that are hearing about the same for the first time, we will discuss it briefly. A thermostat is a device that controls the temperature setting in the HVAC unit.
This is what determines the temperature that is going to be present in the room after the HVAC system is turned on. Some homes have different thermostat settings in different parts of the home. According to experts, a thermostat needs to be centrally located away from ducts.
5. Blower Motor-
A blower motor helps in the spreading of cool air from the system to the inside of your home. Most of the best HVAC systems allow for different blower motor settings depending on the kind of airflow you are looking to get from the system.
If your HVAC unit is making noises, it is most probably coming from the blower motor. Since the blower motor is always working, it is more prone to getting damaged as compared to other parts of the HVAC unit. Make sure that you are getting the blower motor inspected at every service interval of your HVAC unit.
The Final Word
In this article, we have listed five essential components of an HVAC unit. Having a working knowledge of the same will help you efficiently manage the life and longevity of your system. If you would kike us to assist you in any other way, whether in terms of buying parts for your HVAC system or requiring expert assistance in troubleshooting a problem, please write to us in the comments below.