Organ transplants are lifesaving procedures that involve the surgical transplantation of organs from one person to another.
The most common transplant surgeries are those for the kidney, liver, and heart.
However, other organs, such as the pancreas and lungs, can also be transplanted.
A Brief History of Organ Transplants
The first organ transplant was performed in 1954 when a kidney was transplanted from one person to another. However, it was not until the early 1980s that organ transplants began to become common.
This was due, in part, to the development of drugs that suppressed the immune system and prevented the body from rejecting the transplanted organ. The number of people in need of transplants has also increased, as a result of both the increasing number of people with chronic diseases and the increasing number of people who die from injuries.
Today, organ transplants are one of the most common and successful surgeries in the world. In the United States, there are about 20,000 organ transplants performed each year. This number is only going to grow as medical technology improves.
Identifying Candidates for Organ Transplants
The first step in identifying candidates for organ transplants is to determine who is in need of a new organ. There are a variety of factors that doctors take into account when making this determination, including the patient's age, overall health, and severity of the illness.
Once the need for a new organ is identified, a transplant doctor will then begin to search for a donor. This can be a difficult process, as there are often not enough organs available to meet the needs of all those who require them. In some cases, patients may have to wait months or even years for a donor to become available.
Fortunately, the number of organ donations has been increasing in recent years. In 2012, there were nearly 28,000 organ transplants performed in the United States. This number is expected to continue to grow in the years ahead.
There are a number of different organs that can be transplanted, including the heart, liver, kidneys, and lungs. The type of organ that is most needed will vary depending on the individual's situation.
Once a donor is found, the next step is to perform a compatibility test to determine if the organ is a match for the patient. This test is performed by comparing the donor's and the patient's blood type and tissue type.
If the organ is a match, the next step is to prepare the patient for surgery. This includes checking the patient's blood pressure and heart rate and making sure that they are healthy enough to undergo surgery.
The Process of Organ Transplantation
The process of organ transplantation begins with the removal of the organ from the donor. The organ is then placed in a cooler filled with a preservative solution and is rushed to the recipient's hospital.
The recipient is typically given a general anesthetic before the surgery begins. The surgeon then makes an incision in the person's abdomen and removes the old organ. The new organ is then placed in the person's abdomen and the surgeon sews the incision shut.
After the surgery is completed, the recipient is taken to the intensive care unit where they are monitored closely. The recipient typically remains in the hospital for about a week after the surgery.
Organ transplants are life-saving procedures that can dramatically improve the quality of life for those who have a chronic illness or receive them for another reason. With the increasing number of organ donations, more and more patients are able to receive the treatment that they need.